“Meditation is the soul’s perspective glass.” ~ Owen Feltham
“All of man’s difficulties are caused by his inability to sit, quietly, in a room by himself.” ~ Blaise Pascal
“The idea of ‘empty mind’ is impossible,” our pragmatic Zen Buddhist Meditation Master started. He continued, “More appropriately, you should strive for a state of ‘NO MIND’. Accept what is and what cannot be changed; do not attempt to ignore that which cannot be ignored.” He continued, this time more profoundly, “Concentrate on now, not the future or the past. TODAY IS THE YOUNGEST YOU’LL EVER BE. Things done today impact EVERYTHING downstream. It is not about karma; rather, it is about refraining from placing judgment or valuation of good versus bad. There are only actions and impacts….”
Thus, our dabble with authentic Zen Meditation (“zazen” 坐禅, literally “seated meditation”), started, and boy was it a pleasant surprise. Jody and I decided to stay in the Buddhist temple Shunkoin during our recent trip to Kyoto, Japan, which provided a class and orientation on Zen mediation (read about our stay here: Serene Sanctuary). I can tell you that this experience…wait for it…enlightened us!
“Who can empty their mind? It is an impossible task! Random thoughts, noises in the environment, emotions – all these things are impossible to block,” Rev Takafumi continued. “Quite the contrary; let these thoughts and sensations flow through your mind which is always full. But, strive to separate judgment, categorization and valuation to such thoughts and sensations. Hence, the idea of ‘no mind’,” he continued.
Reverend Takafumi Kawakami leads the meditation services at the temple. He serves as the Temple’s Vice Abbot, and is a Kyoto native whose family has a long history at Shunkoin. The wonderful thing about relating with and to Rev Kawakami is that he was educated in the United States, where he worked and obtained dual degrees in religious studies and psychology. So, not only is his English almost fluent, he is well versed on Western lifestyles, cultural norms, and societal expectations.
“How can you meditate in pain? That is totally not the point!” Our meditation master continued, “It’s hard for almost everyone to hold the full lotus position (Kekkafuza), and still hard for most in the half-lotus position (Hankafuza).” The lotus position, in which you usually find statues of Buddha posed in, is only for the very flexible. The half-lotus position was recommended by our Master, but then only if there was no pain or discomfort experienced. He provided mats (zabuton), cushions (zafu), and even chairs for those with bad knees.
The Temple provides a Zen meditation class and Temple tour daily, which combined, take about 90 minutes. There is a quick reception where introductions are made, and then everyone proceeds to the meditation room in the back of the temple complex. Keep in mind that this is an authentic, old and historic temple, and as such it lacks insulation. The meditation room was heated, but a bit drafty. The walks through the temple passages to get to the meditation room and during the follow-on tour are not! Luckily for us, hot maccha (also spelled matcha) green tea and Japanese sweets were served after the tour.
“The point is to take a comfortable position and remain still. Whether you need a cushion, or to even sit in a chair is up to you. One can meditate anywhere in any position. The positioning of your body is just not that important,” the Reverend surprisingly stated. “Don’t worry so much about the formalities. People in the West get so caught up in the orthodoxy of meditation that they forget to meditate.” While the full lotus position places the meditator in a balanced and symmetrical posture closest to the ground, an important aspect of the Japanese floor-based culture, the half-lotus position provides most of the same results.
One of the most interesting aspects of our introduction to Zen meditation in such an authentic setting was the discussions about not just the basics of meditation, but of how to incorporate Zen philosophy into your daily life. “Incense does not cleanse the air! It’s smoke after all,” the Reverend startlingly exclaimed. “We use incense to time the segments of meditation…. The most important thing is take a few moments every day to meditate; only then will the benefits be realized over time.”
One of the primary tenants of Zen is meditation. Through remaining motionless and focusing on breathing, one is able to bring oneself into the now moment and detach from previous knowledge and preconception. The goal is to eventually reach a state of transcendence and to realize the fundamental non-permanence of being. This means interacting with the world without consciousness of self, categorization, or discrimination.
I was immediately struck by the types of meditation that I do in my own life, although I have never really put them in a Zen Buddhist meditative context. For example, scuba diving, especially when I have dived solo, approaches such a state of transcendence. Being in the alien environment underwater, focusing intently on slow controlled breathing with full and deep inhales and exhales, while moving through the water as effortlessly as possible where the sounds of life above on terrestrial earth are absent, allows me to clear my mind of almost all conflict and strife. Life itself is simply set in a different context underwater where humans really are uninvited.
Or, when traveling on very long motorcycle trips. When you ride ~500 miles in a day on a bike, you have more time with your thoughts than you can simply imagine. No radio, no one to talk to, just the drone of the bike drummed out by earplugs, and the passing miles and the voices in your head. And after a certain point, I do find that I achieve a state of “no mind” where the voices stop, and this is indeed the very reason why bikers talk about it taking 100 miles for them to “clear their heads.” It is not comfortable for some people to be so alone with themselves, and cross-country motorcycle trips are not for everyone. But for those of us that know the magic healing powers of the road and two wheels, it is again due to a related meditative state much like in Zen Buddhism.
And perhaps the best example I have is in skydiving, which on the surface is completely counter-intuitive. For such an action-packed, adrenaline-pumping sport where one literally cheats death every time, you would think there is NO time for meditation. However, we – my fellow skydivers and I – often find ourselves keeping silently to ourselves on the twenty-minute ride up to altitude. It’s hard to talk in the plane due to helmets and ambient noise, so most often we sit comfortably with our eyes closed, letting the white noise of the cool rushing wind and drone of the turboprop engine flow through our minds. Personally, I find those moments some of the most serene and peaceful, perhaps exactly because of the chaos that ensues shortly afterwards.
What the Rev Takafumi Kawakami confirmed for me is the central importance of meditation itself, not the formality or framework in which meditation takes place. Wherever and however you find your way to meditate is not essential; what is important is to just do it, and do it as often as possible. Small actions today can have dramatic impacts tomorrow. Meditation is one effective way to exploit acts today so that a better tomorrow can be realized.
How do YOU meditate in your daily life?